The Prostrations of Forgetfulness, Recitation, and Gratitude

Other than normal sujood of Salaah , We have three other prostrations: Forgetfulness(Sahw), Recitation (Tilaawa), and Gratitude (Shukr),

[118] Sahw Sajda is necessary:

1. When a person forgetfully adds by mistake(i.e the presence of excess by mistake) then the person have to do sahw sajda but if u add something intentionally – the salah becomes invalid or nullified – you have to repeat it.

2. Misses out in his Salaaha a pillar of Salah – bowing, or a prostration, or a standing, or a sitting. In these cases, he or she would have to perform the prostration of Sahw(forgetfulness).So, If u leave out a sunnah – do not perform sahwsajda, but if u leave a wajib ( 1sttashahud in salah) – u perform sahwsajdah, and if you leave out a rukn, you also do sahw, but after making up the unit of prayer that the rukn was missed in. If one noticed only on the second rakah that they missed a rukn i first rakah , in that case first rakah gets void and their second rakah is considered as first. At the end the person have to perform prostration of sahw

3. It is also to be performed if one of the wajib -obligatory actions of Salah is missed forgetfully. For eg: if some one doesnot sit for first tashaahud and gets up and prays third rakah soom after sajdah of second rakah, then that person should conitnue the salaah and peform sujood as sahw at end.

4. If one doubts that he has added or missed any of the abovementioned acts.

And this has two scenarios- 1. You doubt which unit you are praying  in  60 – 40 siutaion. 2. You doubt whihc unit you are in , you are 50 – 50 siutation, both cases you need to peform sujood as sahw. In the second scenario, you act upon the lesser amount, i.e. 2 Rak’aat prayed not three. In both scenarios sujood as sahw must be performed.

(the sheikh did not delve into the ‘when’of the sujood- and left you with the view of the author stating there is a difference of opinion regarding the matter)

As per Shk Sa’d ” In case if some one say subhana Rabbil A’la whilst in rukoo and Subhana rabbail A’dheem in Sujood, has indeed made a mistake. But if then he/she did this mistake is out of forgetfulness and unintentional it does not affect their salaah – it is from the verbal obligatory actions and they are active obligations. Whoever makes mistake (out of forgetfulness) of verbal obligation then it does not consitute the necessitate to perform sujood as sahw.” (Taken from 57th  min  of recorded lecture 5)

– It is affirmed from the Prophet (s) that he once missed out the first Tashahhud and thus performed the prostration of Sahw.

– Also, he (s) once made the Tasleem after having prayed two Rak’ahs for Dhuhror ‘Asr, and then realized what he had done, and therefore completed them and performed the prostration of Sahw.

– Also, he (s) once prayed Dhuhras five Rak’ahs. He was asked: “Have you increased the Salah?” He (s) said: “What makes you say that?” He(s) was told: “You prayed five.” He therefore prostrated twice, havingalready done the Tasleem. [Agreed Upon]

The Prophet (s) said: “If any one of you is in doubt about hisprayer and he does not know how much he has prayed, whetherit is three or four (Rak’ahs), then he should cast aside his doubtand consider having prayed (the number) that he is certain of,then perform two prostrations before making the Tasleem. If hehas prayed five Rak’ahs, then these will make his prayer aneven number for him, and if he has indeed prayed four, thenthey will be humiliation for the devil.” [Muslim]

[119] The one performing the prostration of Sahwcan do so beforeor after the Tasleem. (There is a difference of opinion – Specific circumstances before or after tasleem)

The Prostration of Tilaawah (Recitation)

[120] The prostration of Tilaawah(recitation) is recommended(Sunnah) for the person reciting (the Qur’an) as well as the onelistening (to the recitation) both,

  • · Reciting In the Salaah – do takbeer then sajda and takbeer again for standing up.
  • · Reciting Out of Salaah – (correct view not required to say the takbeer and not even coming out of sajdah but peform sajdah immediately).
  • · Some ulamaa say sijda at-tilaawah occurs 14 places in Quran, other say 15.
  • · Make sajda after reciting that particular verse. In sajda say “subhanrabbiyal ‘ala” – 3 or 10 times.

Do we have to do wudu for sajdah Tilawah, the first view is of 4 imams that once must have wudu to practise this sujood, second view of ibn umar and group that agreed with thim who said that this particular sujood does not constiute salaah so can practised without wudu. This is the correct view and view of Shk Sa’d.

Who are those that prostrate?

  • · The reciter
  • · The listener with intent, concentration and desire – the one who is listening and pondering over its meaning, not the one who passes by and hear the Quran recited, or hears it in the background – but not listening to it.

Shaikh quotead a hadith which says when the son of Adam prostrate, shaitan goes into seclusion and says “woe unto me”. the son of Adam was commanded to and did and I (Shaitan) was commanded to make sujood but did not prostrate.

The Prostration of Gratitude (Shukr)

[121] If a person is bestowed with a blessing or has been saved froma calamity; he should prostrate to Allah in gratitude,

[122] and theruling for this prostration is the same as that of the prostration ofTilaawah.

Source: Taken from Course-Lecture4: by Shaikh Saad ibn Naasir Al Shithry, a former member of the Senior Scholars’ Council of Saudia Arabia and the Vice-President of KIU based on the book ’Manhaj As Salikin’ (The Methodology of the Traveller and a Clarification of Fiqh of  the Religion) by  Shaikh Abdur -Rahman As-Sa’di.

2 thoughts on “The Prostrations of Forgetfulness, Recitation, and Gratitude

  1. As salaamu Alaikum

    Brother alhamdu lillaah the work is fine Mashaa Allaah. MAy Allah reward you.
    I would like to clarify a point quoted fromnotes above here, it is pasted hereunder:

    ” In case if some one say subhana Rabbil A’la in rukoo and Subhana rabbail A’dheem in Sujood, has indeed commit a mistake. But if then if this mistake is out of forgetfulness and unintentional then there is no need to perform sujood as sahw – it is from verbal obligatory action and hence active obligation. Whoever makes verbal obligatory action then it does not necessitate sujood as sahw.’

    I would like to know if the adhkaar in these two positions Ruku’ and Sujood are fromthe waajibaat then if you commit this error what is done? Is it that here it is not a case of leaving out the waajibaat but rather switching the dhikr from position and using it in another so how do we compensate for this mistake?

    Barakallahu feek

    • wa alaykum salaam wa rahmatullahi wa brakatuhu,

      jazak Allah Khair for your comments.

      To make it more clear, let me re write the statement of my notes as i forgot to add one important word ‘mistake’ in the last sentence. (The notes in the post is updated now).

      As per Shaikh Sa’d” In case if some one say subhana Rabbil A’la whilst in rukoo and Subhana rabbail A’dheem in Sujood, has indeed made a mistake. But if then he/she did this mistake is out of forgetfulness and unintentional it does not affect their salaah – it is from the verbal obligatory actions and they are active obligations. Whoever makes mistake (out of forgetfulness) of verbal obligation then it does not consitute the necessitate to perform sujood as sahw.‘ (Taken from 57th min of recorded lecture 5)

      Hope now its clear’ and regarding one forgets to say tasbeeh during ruku:

      One forgets to say tasbeeh during ruku’
      What should one do if one forgets to mention a required tasbeeh during ruku’ and remembers just afterwards after rising up?

      If someone, after raising his head from ruku‘, remembers that he did not say the supplications of ruku‘, he should not return back to the ruku‘ because the requirement for supplication of ruku‘ has been dropped by virtue of his rising it. If he returns back to the ruku‘ intentionally, this action would render his prayer invalid since he added an extra rukn (pillar, or obligatory act of the prayer) which is this second superfluous ruku‘. However, if he did it in ignorance or forgetfulness, his prayer will not be nullified, but in this case he must make the prostration of forgetfulness if he was praying individually or leading a congregation. This is because tasbeeh (subhaana Rabbi al-Azeem, How Perfect is my Lord, the Supreme, or another supplication of ruku‘) is wajib (required), and forgetting it makes the prostration of forgetfulness necessary. If he was praying behind an Imam, the he is released from the requirement of sujood for his forgetfulness (al-Mughni 1/679).

      In short, Sheikh Sa’ds answer was in the case of switching the invocations, not when the invocation is totally left out.
      And Allah Knows Best.

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