Description of the Wudhu’, Ghusl,Tayammum

Chapter: A Description of the Wudhu’ (Ritual Ablution)

The description of how to make Wudhu’ is:

* To intend the removal of ritual impurity (if applicable) or that the wudhu’ is done in order to facilitate the performance of Salah,or the like. Intention means having a  solid belief  in your heart of lifting of the ritual impurity, not any saying by words before ablution


* To say: ‘Bismillah’ (i.e., ‘in the name of Allah).

* Then washing the hands thrice.

* Then rinsing the mouth and nose thrice each and with

three handfuls of water. – In fact the sheikh was stressing that water gathered in the hand should be used to rinse the mouth and wash the nose,and not one gathering of water for the mouth,and then a separate gathering of water for the nose. One handful of water your rinse mouth and wash the nose , repeate two more times.

* Then washing the face thrice.

* Then washing the hands up to and including the elbows thrice. 

* Then wiping the head from the hairline to the nape of the neck and back again once.

* Then placing the wet index fingers into the openings of the ears and wiping around the backs of the ears with the wet thumbs.

* Then washing the feet thrice, up to and including the ankles, one at a time. Every foot has two qabain joints.

There is two sort of aspects of wudhu. The above is complete and recommended aspect of wudhu. The below is basic wudu and valid:

Obligatory acts of Wudhu:

a) Washing the whole face including rinsing both the mouth and the nose with water.

b) Washing the forearms including the elbows.

c) Wiping over the head inlcuding the ears.

d) Washing the feet including the ankles.

e) Sequence – The decreed sequence has to be observed while performing ablution. The order doesnt means right then left which is a sunnah but sequence means that your wash the different parts of body one after the other in order as mentioned above. 

{O you who believe, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles.} [al-Ma’idah: 6]

f) Succession – don’t waste time between washing different parts when you do ablution.  It refers to practicing ablution in a manner that you wash all body parts required in a manner that no part gets dry before the other is washed. So for example,you do not wash your face,then attend to something else before coming back to wash your hands…etc

g) The above parts are atleast washed once.

Chapter: Wiping Over Leather Socks and Bandages

 – Wiping over leather socks, khuff, or like including normal socks we wear.

If the worshipper is wearing leather socks or the like, then he may wipe over them for the duration of a day and night for the resident and three days and nights for the traveller, on the condition that:

* They be worn when he is in a state of ritual purity.


* That he only wipes over them (as part of his Wudhu’) in the case where he has a minor ritual impurity.

Differences betweeen wiping over bandage and   leather socks:

1 If it’s a bandage, no restrictions of time, wiping over socks have restrictions of time.
This means: there is no time line dictating how long one can actually wipe over their bandage,unlike socks! you can only wipe over them for 24 hours,and if you are a traveller,then 72 hours.

2  Wiping over the leather socks  have conditon that you should be in state of wudhu when you wear socks. not necessary if it is a bandage. To be allowed to wipe over the socks, one should be in a state of ritual purity when the socks were actually worn- however if the bandage was put on,and you were not in a state of ritual purity, then one can still wipe over them

3 wiping is only allowed only when minor riutal impurity is removed, if ghusl is not necessary. But not for bandage,wiping  on bandage is allowed even in case of  removing major ritual purity. It means you can only wipe over socks when performing ablution,not ghusl- but can wipe over a bandage during ghusl and wudhu.

4 for bandage, wipe all  part of feet including the area of bandage. For socks, upper  part of the feet/ visible part is sufficient between toes to ankle.

Chapter: The Nullifiers of Wudhu

* Anything that exits from the back or front passage (anus or


* A large amount of bleeding, or the like.

* Losing consciousness due to sleep or the like.

* Eating camel meat.

* A man touching a woman with sexual desire.

* Touching the private parts.

* Washing the dead.

* Apostasy, which renders all of one’s deeds null and void.

Some points are agreed  by scholars and the other points are differed by Scholars like bleeding some says it will nullify and it wont. A scholar faqih will look to the sources of Shariah and will follow what is closer to the evidence. A normal individual should ask the scholar whom he trust and should follow the answer he gives.

Regarding bleeding , the most correct view is that bleeding does not break one’s wudoo’, although it is preferable (mustahabb) to make wudoo’ after bleeding. The evidence for this is as follows:

Wudoo’ is considered to be valid until there is proof that something breaks it. There is no proof narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that bleeding breaks wudoo’, hence Imaam al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, “There is no proof whatsoever that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made it obligatory to do wudoo’ because of that (bleeding).” Shaykh Ibn Sa’di (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, the correct opinion is that bleeding  do not break wudoo’, whether they are large or small in volume, because there is no evidence to proof that they break wudoo’, and the guiding principle is that wudoo’ remains valid.

One cannot draw an analogy between blood and anything else, because the reasons behind them are not the same.

The idea that bleeding breaks wudoo’ is contrary to what was reported from the salaf (early generations), for example, ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) continued to pray although his wound was pouring with blood. Al-Hasan al-Basri (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, “The Muslims continue to pray even when they are wounded.”

The fact that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did wudoo’ after he vomited does not indicate that it is obligatory to do so, because the rules of fiqh say that the mere fact that he did something, unless it was accompanied by a command to do it, does not make it obligatory. All that this proves is that it is good to follow the example of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in this instance. Hence Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Doing wudoo’ after cupping and vomiting is mustahabb and is good.”

Allah Knows Best. For more refer:

Chapter: That Which Necessitates Ghusl (Ritual bathing) and a Description of It:

The following necessitates Ghusl

* Janabah (Post-sexual intercourse impurity), and this is where semen is ejaculated due to sexual intercourse or any other means.

* The ‘two circumcised parts’ touching (i.e., the head of the penis penetrating the vagina)

* Menstruation or post-partum bleeding.

* Death, in the case of a non-martyr.

* Embracing Islam

The sheikh was clarifying that according to the correct view- the one who has died passed away (non martyr) needs ghusl

How to perform Ghusl

Two manners one can perform Ghusl recommended (most complete) and normal with obligatory acts which lift you from the major ritual impurity.

The description of the Ghusl of the Prophet (s) from

Janaabah is that he would

* Having the Intention to take a ritual bath

* Begin with Bismilllah

* Wash once hands thrice

* Then, wash his private parts.

* Then, make a complete Wudhu’ (as described in the previous section)

* Then, place water with his hands on his head thrice, and drench his head with that (water).

* Then pour water on the rest of his body

*Then, wash his feet in another location.
Pour water only once over body, not more than once

Extra notes:

Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen was asked about how ghusl is done. 

He replied: Ghusl may be done in two ways: 

1 – By doing the obligatory parts of ghusl only, which is making water reach all parts of the body, and includes rinsing the mouth and nose. If a person makes the water reach all parts of his body, by whatever means, then he has removed the major impurity and purified himself properly, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“If you are in a state of Janaaba (i.e. after a sexual discharge), purify yourselves (bathe your whole body)”

[al-Maa’idah 5:6] 

2 – The complete way, which is doing ghusl as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did it. When he wanted to do ghusl in the case of janaabah, he would wash his hands, then wash his private part and anywhere else that the impurity had reached, then he would do complete wudoo’, then he would wash his head three times with water, then he would wash the rest of his body. This is how complete ghusl is done. 

End quote from Fataawa Arkaan al-Islam, p. 248. 

Chapter: Tayammum (Dry Ablution)

Used when:
* Unavailability of water,

* Fear of harm due to using water.

Famous dispute: is it a replacement for wudhu? Some say that you have to make new tayammum for each salat, others say it can cover multiple salat.

(there is a diffrence of opinion between the scholars:

Does Tayammum replaces wudhu  ( a subsitute of wudhu) or Is tayammum that which removes ritual impurity? Those scholars whos ay that Tayammaum as subsitute of wudhu say you need perform Tayammum for every Salah and those who say it removes ritual impurity say that Tayammum is sufficient for all Salah until anything that happens that breaks the state of ritual purity.

How to do Tayammum.

The description of Tayammum is (as follows):

That a person:

* Intends the removal of the ritual impurity.

* says: “In the name of Allah.” (Bismillah).

* strikes the earth with both palms once.

* wipes all of his face with the inner parts of his hands, and


* wipes (the back of) his hands with his palms.

There is no problem in the event of this being done twice

(instead of once).

What you can be used for Tayammum

There are different views on beating the hands on Thurab.

First view. beat hands on at turab – only used to beat dust only not sand or any other  – Imams Shafee and Ahmad- ;

Second view : imam malik says, anything that is part of earth even stones or sand etc…

third view: imam hanifa: beat your hands on clean earth – saeed tayibban with reference to Quranic verse [al-Ma’idah: 6]. . – the correct view is that of Abu Hanifa-as stipulated by our sheikh).Rasolullah did perform Tayammum by beating the hands on some used clean walls.

Chapter: Haydh Menstruation
While in mensturation – not allowed to do things pray, fast (she fast she had done something haraam) , husband to divorce here (difference among Scholars – does that Talaak counted or null or void).

Istihaadha – :chronic condition – profuse bleeding :

She can read touch quran, recite Quran, have marital relations, Can pray but must do ablution for EVERY salat. The ablution lasts for the period of one salaah to to the next- providedthe ablution is not broken off course before the next salaah.

Source: Taken from Course-Lecture3: by Shaikh Saad ibn Naasir Al Shithry, a former member of the Senior Scholars’ Council of Saudia Arabia and the Vice-President of KIU based on the book ’Manhaj As Salikin’ (The Methodology of the Traveller and a Clarification of Fiqh of  the Religion) by  Shaikh Abdur -Rahman As-Sa’di.

2 thoughts on “Description of the Wudhu’, Ghusl,Tayammum

  1. Jazakallahu khaeran. I’m a new student on this programme and I find both listening and reading (texts and audio provided) for the various lecture tests quite tasking to complete b4 the deadline, but with this post, I believe Insha Allah, I should be able to cover up. Thanks a lot. It really saved me from having to put down the points not mentioned in the Texts.

    • wa iyyakum, Insha Allah i will put up soon the notes of other sessions as well. I pray to Allah that He bless you with true knowledge and enable you to meet the deadline. Ameen. But please ensure atleast (may be later) you find time to listen to the audio lecutres & understand the subject
      Barak Allahu feek.

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