The Creed of the Pious Predecessors

Extracted from the book ASL-AL SUNNAH WA I’TIQAD AL-DEEN by Imams Abu Hatim Al Razi and Abu Zur’ah Al Razi  

  1. Iman (Faith) is statement and action; it increases and decreases.


  1. The Quran is the speech of Allah; it is not created in any of its modalities (whether it is recited by the tongue; memorized by the heart or put into writing).


  1. Qadr (Fate and pre-destination), the good and bad of it, is from Allah


  1. The best (person) in this Ummah after its Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is Abu Bakr as Siddiq, then Umar Al-Khattab, then Uthman Ibn Affan, then Ali ibn Abi Talib (May Allah be pleased with them all) and they are the rightly guided and directed caliphs.


  1. The ten whom the Messenger of Allah named and bore witness for them (that they would enter) al-Jannah are the best of the companions according to what he (the Prophet peace be upon him) testified to, and his statement is the truth.


  1. To seek Allah’s mercy for all the companions of Muhammad peace be upon him and his family, and to refrain from (discussing) the differences that occurred between them.


  1. Allah is above His ‘Arsh (throne) , separate from His creation, just as He has described Himself in His Book and upon the tongue of His Messenger (Peace be upon him) without describing how; He encompasses all things with knowledge; and “there is nothing similar to Him whatsoever, and He is the One Who bears all and sees all.”


  1. Allah, the Blessed and the Most High, will be seen in the Hereafter, and the people of Jannah will see Him with their eyes; they will hear His Speech however He wishes, and according to what He wishes.


  1. Al-Jannah and the Fire are true; they are both creations; neither will ever perish; Al- Jannah is a reward for [Allah’s] Awliya and the Fire is a punishment for the people of sins, except for whom He has mercy on.


  1. The Sirat (overpass on the hellfire which leads to Jannah) is true.


  1. The Scales (Kiffatan), which has two plates in which the good and bad actions of the slaves will be weighed, is true.


  1. The Hawd(lake) , which our Prophet (Peace be upon him) has been honoured with, is true.


  1. The Shafa’ah (intercession) is true.


  1. That the people from Ahl Al Tawhid will be removed from the Fire by way of intercession is true.


  1. The punishment of the grave is true.


  1. Munkar and Nakir are true.


  1. The Kiram Al Katibun are true.


  1. The Resurrection after death is true.


  1. The perpetrators of major sins are under the will of Allah.


  1. We do not make takfir of the people of Qiblah due to their sins, and we entrust their secrets to Allah.


  1. We uphold the obligation of Jihad and Hajj with the leaders of the Muslims in every time and age.


  1. We do not view Al-Khuruj (revolting) against the leaders as lawful, nor that we fight in times of fitnah.


  1. We listen to and obey whomsoever (Allah) appoints (over our affair), and we do not remove the hand from obedience.


  1. We follow the Sunnah and the Jama’ah, and we avoid deviation, differing and splitting.


  1. Jihad continues to take place from the time of Allah sent His Prophet (peace be upon him) till the establishment of the Hour, with the head of affairs from the leaders of the Muslims; nothing abolishes it.


  1. Hajj is likewise


  1. The payment of Sadaqat from livestock (is to be made) to the head of affairs from the leaders of the Muslims.


  1. And the people are the believers in regards to their Judgements and inheritance, and no one knows what their true condition and reality is with Allah.


  1. Whoever said that he is a true believer then he is an innovator; and whoever said that he is a believer according to Allah, then he is from the liars; and whomsoever said: “Indeed I am a believer in Allah” then he is correct.


  1. The Murji’ah are misguided innovators.


  1. Whomsoever from them rejects that Allah knows what was to be, before it was, then he is disbeliever.


  1. The Jahmiyyah are disbelievers.


  1. The Rafidah have rejected Islam.


  1. The Khawarij are dissenters (murraq).


  1. Whosoever claims that Quran is created, then he is a disbeliever, having committed a disbelief which removes him from the religion; whosoever doubts in his disbelief from those who understand the issue, then he is too like a disbeliever.


  1. Whoever has doubts regarding the Speech of Allah and does not take a position regarding it, saying out of doubt: “I do not know whether it is created or not created”, then he is a jahmi (a follower of the heretic Jahm ibn Safwan).


  1. Whoever does not take a position regarding the Quran out of ignorance, he is to be taught or labelled with having committed an innovation and he is not made takfir upon.


  1. Whoever says: “My articulation of the Quran is created” or “ The Quran as articulated by me is created”, then he is a jahmi.


  1. The sign of the people of innovation is defaming the people of narration (Ahl al-Athar).


  1. The sign of the heretics is their labeling the people of narration as “hashwiyyah” (useless), desiring by that to invalidate the narrations.


  1. The sign of the Jahmiyyah is their labelling Ahl al-Sunnah: “mushabbihah” (anthropomorphist).


  1. The sign of Qadariyyah is their labelling Ahl al-Sunnah: “mujabbirah” (those who deny free will).


  1. The sign of the Murji’ah is their labelling Ahl al-Sunnah: “mukhalifah” (those who disagree) and “nuqsaniyyah” (depreciators).


  1. The affair of extreme fanaticism among the deviant groups will continue yet Ahl al-Sunnah are not attached to except one name, and it is inconceivable that they would unite under all these names.

The Complete Message of Islaam

By: Dr. Saleh As-Saleh (rahimahullah)

During Hujjatul Wadaa’ (the Farewell Pilgrimage) on the Day of ‘Arafah, which was a Friday, the Noble Ayah was sent down:

“Today I have perfected your Deen for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islaam as your Deen.” (Qur’aan 5:3)

Allaah clearly explains that our Deen has been perfected, and that it does not require any addition or deletion. That is why Allaah sealed the office of Messengership with the Prophet Muhammad (r). The fact that He has chosen Islaam as our Deen, means that he does not accept other than Islaam from anyone: “And Whoever seeks a religion other than Islaam, It will never be accepted or him, and on the Last Day he will be one of the losers.” (Qur’aan 3: 85)

Allaah, Most Exalted, also says: “The religion accepted by Allaah is the Deen of Islaam.” (Qur’aan 3:19)

As A Complete Message From Allaah, Islaam Deals With:

  • The Rights of Allaah on His Bondsmen: To worship Allaah alone, and associate none with Him in worship.
  • The rights of man on His Creator: To permit people to enter Paradise if they worship Him properly.

The Oneness (Tawheed) of Allaah and its influence on creation:

The Muslim should know the Names, Attributes, and Actions of Allaah so that he can worship Him properly, know that He is the only True God that deserves to be worshipped, associating no partners whatsoever with His worship. Knowing that He, Allaah, is the Sustainer, Provider, Bestower of Favors, Gives life and takes it, Merciful, Severe in Torment, Oft-Forgiving, All-Just, All-Wise, etc. He is the True and Only ilaah, meaning that all worship to be devoted to Him alone, and that this constitutes the essence of submission to Him. Nothing is like Allaah. All of His Attributes are True and Real. The how of His attributes are known only to Him.

Knowledge: The message calls the Muslim Ummah to acquire knowledge about all aspects of Islaam, and Allaah has special levels in heaven for the people of knowledge. When we speak about any aspect of Islaam we must know about it first.

Admonition: The believer feels and recognizes that Allaah is All-Aware about him and about his hidden and manifested actions. Nothing escapes Allaah’s knowledge He is Most High, and encompasses in His Knowledge everything.

The Wisdom behind Creation: (Allaah states: “We have not created jinn nor men except to worship” – Ed.)Allaah sends trials and tests to know who will submit to Him and worship Him correctly. The road for success is to worship Allaah as though you are seeing Him, and while you see Him not, He truly sees you (and those who acheive this have reached the highest level of faith or Ihsaan – Ed).

Righteousness: Deeds are righteous only when they:

1.    are purely done seeking Allaah and His pleasure,

2.    follow the way (authentic Sunnah) of Prophet Muhammad (r), and are

3.    built on the correct ‘Aqeedah belief) which is the understanding of Islaam according to the teachings of the Prophet (r) as related to us by the Prophet’s companions (radiAllaahu ‘anhum). Deeds are the ceiling and the ‘Aqeedah is the foundation.

Interactions: A) The message deals with the organization of the society at large. The ruler should deal justly with Muslims and the Muslims obey their leaders as long as the leaders do not command them to do disobedient acts. The Muslim tolerates the unjust ruler and gives the ruler his rights and asks Allaah for his own right. Tolerance is recommended in Islaam because it minimizes the afflictions associated with dissent. The Muslim considers any clear act of denial of any part of Deen as Kufr (disbelief). The Muslim, however, cannot declare that a particular person who is committing Kufr is a Kaafir (disbeliever), unless he establishes evidence (Hujjah) on the doer (in fact declaring anyone a kaafir should be left to the scholars and not easily declared of any individual -Ed.).

Interactions: B) The Muslims are brothers of each other. They enjoin right and forbid wrong to the best of their abilities. They cooperate on what is right and do not support each other in wrong. They keep away from any Bid’ah (innovation in Deen). On the scale of the mini-society of the family, the believer should do his utmost in leading the family members away from Hellfire. The man is a leader for his Family, and the wife is in charge of her home. Both should deal with firmness and forgiveness. Allaah commands justice and likes it. The Muslim dislikes suspicion, deception, mockery, backbiting, spying, wickedness, and all forms of evil interactions.

Incorrect Beliefs and Deviations: The message calls for dissociating from any form of deviation like mystic ways of Sufism. This is not part of Islaam. Ways that make certain people Divine, like Khomeini, Ali (the fourth Islaamic Caliph), Elijah Muhammad and even Prophet Muhammad (r), etc. are not Islaamic no matter what they are called.

Lawful and Unlawful: The Muslim’s earnings must be lawful, spending must be on a medium course. Islaam rejects misery and uncontrolled spending. The Muslim must give prescribed amounts of charity when certain conditions are met.

Migration: The Muslim must migrate from the Kaafir land to the Muslim lands. If that is not possible, then they should establish Muslim communities (not parties!) within their places of residence. They are to move to the same neighborhood if that is possible. They may look at it this way: Let us have Muslim neighborhoods! Communities may have a reference “president of the community” or such, who works to strengthen the ‘Aqeedah of the Muslims around him and who co-ordinates their affairs and work towards their Islaamic welfare. The most important thing they have to work for is establishing the right ‘Aqeedah, the ‘Aqeedah of Tawheed, and disassociating themselves and their family members from imitating the Kuffaar if they truly want to minimize the impact of the Kaafir beliefs and their un-Islaamic behavior. The Kuffaar want us to be like them! Let us not be deceived. Do we want to be like them? The answer can be better understood if we think of Hell! Even in the land of Muslims, the Muslim should migrate from disobedient environments to the more obedient ones. Within the same neighborhood, the Muslim should look for the good and practicing Muslims and have them as neighbors.

Jihaad: Allaah has ordained Jihaad (fighting in the cause of Allaah) so that Tawheed prevails and that the earth be purified from the affliction of Shirk. Tawheed is the greatest justice on earth. Muslims are not passive when it comes to the truth. They are ordered by Allaah to spread the truth by every peaceful means. When falsehood stands opposing the spreading of the Tawheed, Allaah says: “And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and worshipping of others with Allaah) and (all and every kind of) worship is for Allaah (Alone). But if they cease let there be no transgression except against Ath-Thalimeen (polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc.)” (Qur’aan 2:193)

Abu Ja’far Muhammad Ibn Jareer At-Tabari (b. 224 – d. 310 A.H.) was a great scholar of Tafseer, Aqeedah, history and literature. He was born in Tabaristan in northern Iran. He said in the Tafseer (explanation) of the above Ayah: “And fight the Mushrikeen (People of Shirk) until there is no affliction” i.e. until there is no more Shirk and until the worshipping of idols and false gods has vanished, and until obedience is to Allaah alone.

Qatadah Ibn D’aamah Al-Sadoosi known as Abu Al-Khataab Al-Basri (b. 60- d. 117 A.H. or 680-736 CE.) was a scholar of tafseer and hadeeth who related narrations from some of the Sahaabah and at-Taabi’een (the generation which followed that of the Sahaabah). He said: ‘Until there is no Shirk’. Jihaad is not a military, territorial, national, or strategic expansion. It is not done for any worldly cause. Jihaad exposes people to the Book of Allaah, and gives them the chance to liberate themselves from all types of deviant and oppressive worship.


The Prophet Muhammad (r) was trusted with the message of the Qur’aan. He knew and understood what it meant because He was under Allaah’s inspiration. All aspects that lead to the understanding of the message were explained by the Prophet (r), including how to call others to adopt this great message of Allaah. The principles of Da’wah (calling others to Islaam) are laid down in the Qur’aan and in the teachings of the Prophet (r). No one can invent a new principle. Yes, one may use the method of a book, tape, lecture, etc. to deliver da’wah, provided that these materials or lectures subscribe to the understanding of Islaam as practiced by the righteous predecessors, As-Salafus-Saaleh. Because of their adherence to the Qur’aan and Sunnah, they were qualified for receiving the help, support, and victory of Allaah. Their way continues up to the Day of Judgment as the Prophet (r) explained: “There shall not cease to remain a single group from my community upon the Truth, victorious, unharmed by those who abandon them or oppose them. They will remain in such a state until the Command of Allaah overtakes them while they are still (victorious and on the Truth).” [Muslim]

The ‘Command of Allaah’ refers to the wind that Allaah will order to blow taking with it every believing soul. This takes place when the Final Hour is about to occur.

Characteristics of The Followers of The Saved And Victorious Group

(Al-Firqatun-Naajiyyah wa At-Taaifatul-Mansoorah)

  • Follow the Qur’aan.
  • Adhere to the Sunnah (teachings, recommendations, advice, orders and approvals of the Prophet (r) regarding Islaamic principles and judicial matters.
  • Understand the Qur’aan and Sunnah in accordance with the Prophetic teachings as made clear by his companions (radiAllaahu ‘anhum).
  • The Da’wah to Allaah must not deviate from the path followed by As-Salafus-Saaleh.

The Da’wah calls to Allaah by:

a) Explaining that He is the True God Who deserves to be worshipped alone. It stresses the Oneness and Uniqueness of Allaah and His Attributes and the influence of this on man. People are called to contemplate about Allaah’s Attributes and His influence in the Universe.

b) Using the Ayaat of Allaah from the Qur’aan and the Prophetic Sunnah from its authentic sources without any hesitation and avoiding the blind following of parties, scholars, and personalities

c) Stressing the fact that all false deities are created beings and are thus in need, thereby proving that they are not divine.

d) Relating all questions to the basics. The most important of which is the Tawheed (Oneness of Allaah) and its meaning. If they question the prayer, Hijaab or any aspect of Islaam, then relate this to the Tawheed of Allaah. All matters must comply with Allaah’s command since He is the Only True God Who is worthy of worship.

e) Linking matters of life and death to the Last Day. Give the glad tidings awaiting those who believe, and the warnings that Allaah made clear in the Qur’aan and on the tongue of the Prophet Muhammad (r) for those who reject.

f) Being an example. Even if you err, ask Allaah for forgiveness repent, and then keep going. Hold to the Truth even if you are alone. Always ask Allaah for guidance, courage, perseverance and patience.

g) Depending upon Allaah, and leaving the results to Him. Remember the Messenger Noah (‘alaihi salaam): Nine-hundred and fifty years of Daw’ah and only a few responded to his call!

h) Establishing the evidence when calling others to accept Islaam. Do not stand neutral and do not be purely “academic”.

Da’wah is vivid and active. It stands between two extremes: mysticism (i.e. Sufism) and ‘Ilmul-Kalaam (Scholastic and Philosophical ways that use purely logical and rationalistic approaches to explain Islaam). 

i) Understanding the role of the Messengers and Prophets (‘alihimus salaam) from their stories in the Qur’aan and Sunnah.

j) Practicing a gradual and consistent Manhaj (Path) of Da’wah. Stressing the importance of Aqeedah (faith) and authentic Sunnah first. Educating the people about Allaah, the Qur’aanic meanings, hadeeth, morality, etc., and always taking the Prophet (r) and then his companions (radiAllaahu ‘anhum) as the example to follow.

k) Enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong according to one’s own ability, realizing that if the enjoining of what is right or the forbiddance of what is wrong will lead to greater wrong and evil, then it is incumbent to be patient, enduring, depending upon Allaah’s support and awaiting His Final Word. The Muslim during this process is obedient to Allaah and He does not demand what burdens His slaves. This is a great challenge to those who call to Allaah. It may be easy to flare the emotions of people, but it is difficult to control the consequences. The change of wrong should follow the path taken by the Prophet (r) and use the wisdom he used especially when the Muslims are in a weak state.

Important Points

Realizing that Da’wah is not a political party. Modern politics is a game of interests, lies, and an invention of the Kuffaar. Many Muslims belong to many political parties that stress politics and do not emphasize Tarbiyyah (Islaamic education). Many who belong to such parties know the bare basics about Islaam. An advice is offered here for all of our Muslim brothers to reexamine their stand towards their faith, and to know that as the Prophet (r) said: “And this Ummah will divide into seventy-three sects all of which except one will go to Hell and they (the saved group) are those who are upon what land my companions are upon (or those who follow my way and the way of my companions).” [At-Tirmidhi]

That is why we see parties or groups often splitting into other groups.

The new offshoots accuse the “original’ group of either being “too moderate”, or “too radical”, and visa versa. Parties in our times care mostly for the welfare of the party. There are groups that invent ways in Da’wah that do not emphasize Tawheed and knowledge as being essential to the true propagation of Islaam. Within their ranks are mystic leaders and “personalities”, who do not teach the Prophet’s (r) way of worship, and blindly follow their so called elders, who in their own home-towns see all forms of Shirk, hut do not do anything to remove them. The believers, however, are one group, with one reference; Allaah’s Book and the Sunnah of His Messenger (r). In their disputes they should refer to this reference (Allaah and His Messenger) and to nothing else. They give allegiance to Allaah and the believers, and dissociate themselves from Kufr and AI-Kuffaar. Theirs is the medium course: the way to change wrong is the way of the Prophet (r) and not the ways of ‘modern’ political parties or that which will lead to more mischief, blood-shed and more evil. They enjoin what is right and forbid what is evil to the best of their abilities. They do not respond to injustice by another injustice. They are enthusiastic about establishing Muslim States, but they realize that can only he achieved by following the Prophet’s (r) way of establishing the Muslim society that is strong in its ‘Aqeedah. They are ready to endure the oppression arid wrong until they are strong enough to implement the corrections on every level.

The consequences of rushing the Da’wah into early confrontations is disastrous. It divides the society and injures people without establishing concrete results. The Da’wah is based upon ‘Aqeedah, knowledge, holding to the truth, good advice, and patience. This is the path of As-Salafus-Saaleh. I advise myself to hold to these words and also advise my brothers and sisters in this Deen. May Allaah guide the hearts of Muslims to the truth and guide us all to His Straight Path.

The Muslims are all called, especially in our times, to hold strong to the path that does not go wrong, the path of the early generations about whom the Prophet (r) said: “The best of people is my generation, then those who come after them, then those who come after them (i.e. the first three generations.” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]

The ‘Aqeedah of those generations was correct, their Manhaj was correct, and their characters were honored with morality. They are the Ummah, and the Jamaa’ah, because they did not unite upon error and were on the truth testifying to the saying of the Prophet (r): “My Ummah does not unite upon error.” As-Sakhawi said: “This is a famous text of hadeeth reported by many transmissions and has various supportive narrations to it. Reported in his book Al-Maqaasid Al-Hassanah (The Good Objectives), P.460. Shaykh Al-Albaani cited the Hadeeth in his book Adabuz-Zufaf (The Etiquettes of Marriage and Weddings), P.240, second edition 1414/1993.

In our times, the motivation towards Islaam can only succeed if it is purely directed towards the path of As-Salaf. Imaam Malik (rahimahullah) said: “The latter (part) of this Ummah will not be on a better guidance than that of its first (part).”

The leaders of Muslim groups, the youth, and all Muslim brothers and sisters should support the transformation that unites this Ummah under the banner of As-Salaf. They are called to remember what Abdullah Ibn Mas’oud (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) said: “Whoever wants to adopt a way from amongst you, let him adopt the way of those who died (because the living is not safe from Fitnah), they were the companions of the Prophet (radiAllaah ‘anhum) having the best hearts of this Ummah, most profound in knowledge, least in formalities; Allaah chose them to accompany His Prophet (r) and to establish His Deen. Such transformation pleases Allaah and gains His support for the Muslim. So we should respectfully recognize the role of As-Salaf and hold to their guidance because, truly, they are on the Straight Path.”Allaah looked into the hearts of His slaves and found that Muhammad’s (r) heart was the best. Thus, He chose him for Himself and sent him with His Message. Then, He looked into the hearts of his slaves after His look into Muhammad’s (r) heart, and found that those of Muhammad’s companions (radiAllaahu ‘anhum) were the best hearts. Thus, He chose them as aides to His Prophet; fighting in the cause of His Deen. Whatever the Muslims consider as good, then it is good with Allaah, and whatever they consider as bad, then, with Allaah, it is also bad; {And all the companions agreed to have Abu Bakr (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) as the Khaleefah to lead the Muslims after the death of the Prophet (r). This hadeeth was reported by Ahmad, Al-Bazzaar, At-Tabaraani, At-Tayalisee and Al-Khateeb. Al-Hakim said it is authentic and Ad-Dhahabi agreed. Many think that this reference is a Prophetic hadeeth, and it is not. It is authentically related to Abdullah bin Mas’oud.

A great benefit is deduced from Ibn Mas’oud’s explanation as to what constitutes ijmaa’. In the last part of his statement marked by brackets {}, as reported by Al-Hakim, be clearly explains that the agreement between the Sahaabah constituted a state of Ijmaa (consensus between Muslims). Therefore, in any generation, the consensus of opinion amongst the learned, pious and righteous scholars who follow the companions path, regarding any matter not directly mentioned in Qur’aan or Sunnah, produces a state of Ijmaa’. Blind imitation, and innovations are not part of Ijmaa’.

The Prophet (r) drew a line with his hand and said: “This is the Straight Path of Allaah.” He then drew several lines to its right and left and said: “These are As-Subul (the other ways), on each there is a devil inviting (people) to it.” He (r) then recited: “And verily, this is My Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will scatter you about from His Path.” (Qur’aan 6:153) Related by Ahmad, An-Nasaa’ee, Ad-Dharimee, and authenticated by Al-Hakim and others. See Mishkaatul Masaabeeh, hadeeth # 166, Vol. I, reviewed by Al-Albaani.

Extracted From the book “Islam: The Complete and Final Message to Man”

The book can be downloaded from here