The Creed of the Pious Predecessors

Extracted from the book ASL-AL SUNNAH WA I’TIQAD AL-DEEN by Imams Abu Hatim Al Razi and Abu Zur’ah Al Razi  

  1. Iman (Faith) is statement and action; it increases and decreases.


  1. The Quran is the speech of Allah; it is not created in any of its modalities (whether it is recited by the tongue; memorized by the heart or put into writing).


  1. Qadr (Fate and pre-destination), the good and bad of it, is from Allah


  1. The best (person) in this Ummah after its Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is Abu Bakr as Siddiq, then Umar Al-Khattab, then Uthman Ibn Affan, then Ali ibn Abi Talib (May Allah be pleased with them all) and they are the rightly guided and directed caliphs.


  1. The ten whom the Messenger of Allah named and bore witness for them (that they would enter) al-Jannah are the best of the companions according to what he (the Prophet peace be upon him) testified to, and his statement is the truth.


  1. To seek Allah’s mercy for all the companions of Muhammad peace be upon him and his family, and to refrain from (discussing) the differences that occurred between them.


  1. Allah is above His ‘Arsh (throne) , separate from His creation, just as He has described Himself in His Book and upon the tongue of His Messenger (Peace be upon him) without describing how; He encompasses all things with knowledge; and “there is nothing similar to Him whatsoever, and He is the One Who bears all and sees all.”


  1. Allah, the Blessed and the Most High, will be seen in the Hereafter, and the people of Jannah will see Him with their eyes; they will hear His Speech however He wishes, and according to what He wishes.


  1. Al-Jannah and the Fire are true; they are both creations; neither will ever perish; Al- Jannah is a reward for [Allah’s] Awliya and the Fire is a punishment for the people of sins, except for whom He has mercy on.


  1. The Sirat (overpass on the hellfire which leads to Jannah) is true.


  1. The Scales (Kiffatan), which has two plates in which the good and bad actions of the slaves will be weighed, is true.


  1. The Hawd(lake) , which our Prophet (Peace be upon him) has been honoured with, is true.


  1. The Shafa’ah (intercession) is true.


  1. That the people from Ahl Al Tawhid will be removed from the Fire by way of intercession is true.


  1. The punishment of the grave is true.


  1. Munkar and Nakir are true.


  1. The Kiram Al Katibun are true.


  1. The Resurrection after death is true.


  1. The perpetrators of major sins are under the will of Allah.


  1. We do not make takfir of the people of Qiblah due to their sins, and we entrust their secrets to Allah.


  1. We uphold the obligation of Jihad and Hajj with the leaders of the Muslims in every time and age.


  1. We do not view Al-Khuruj (revolting) against the leaders as lawful, nor that we fight in times of fitnah.


  1. We listen to and obey whomsoever (Allah) appoints (over our affair), and we do not remove the hand from obedience.


  1. We follow the Sunnah and the Jama’ah, and we avoid deviation, differing and splitting.


  1. Jihad continues to take place from the time of Allah sent His Prophet (peace be upon him) till the establishment of the Hour, with the head of affairs from the leaders of the Muslims; nothing abolishes it.


  1. Hajj is likewise


  1. The payment of Sadaqat from livestock (is to be made) to the head of affairs from the leaders of the Muslims.


  1. And the people are the believers in regards to their Judgements and inheritance, and no one knows what their true condition and reality is with Allah.


  1. Whoever said that he is a true believer then he is an innovator; and whoever said that he is a believer according to Allah, then he is from the liars; and whomsoever said: “Indeed I am a believer in Allah” then he is correct.


  1. The Murji’ah are misguided innovators.


  1. Whomsoever from them rejects that Allah knows what was to be, before it was, then he is disbeliever.


  1. The Jahmiyyah are disbelievers.


  1. The Rafidah have rejected Islam.


  1. The Khawarij are dissenters (murraq).


  1. Whosoever claims that Quran is created, then he is a disbeliever, having committed a disbelief which removes him from the religion; whosoever doubts in his disbelief from those who understand the issue, then he is too like a disbeliever.


  1. Whoever has doubts regarding the Speech of Allah and does not take a position regarding it, saying out of doubt: “I do not know whether it is created or not created”, then he is a jahmi (a follower of the heretic Jahm ibn Safwan).


  1. Whoever does not take a position regarding the Quran out of ignorance, he is to be taught or labelled with having committed an innovation and he is not made takfir upon.


  1. Whoever says: “My articulation of the Quran is created” or “ The Quran as articulated by me is created”, then he is a jahmi.


  1. The sign of the people of innovation is defaming the people of narration (Ahl al-Athar).


  1. The sign of the heretics is their labeling the people of narration as “hashwiyyah” (useless), desiring by that to invalidate the narrations.


  1. The sign of the Jahmiyyah is their labelling Ahl al-Sunnah: “mushabbihah” (anthropomorphist).


  1. The sign of Qadariyyah is their labelling Ahl al-Sunnah: “mujabbirah” (those who deny free will).


  1. The sign of the Murji’ah is their labelling Ahl al-Sunnah: “mukhalifah” (those who disagree) and “nuqsaniyyah” (depreciators).


  1. The affair of extreme fanaticism among the deviant groups will continue yet Ahl al-Sunnah are not attached to except one name, and it is inconceivable that they would unite under all these names.

Can the Dead Hear?

Can Dead Hear ?

Recently, I got exposed to a brother who quoted the below hadiths to support that the dead can hear us and further support it as evidences for grave worship. I had to do a short research on this topic in order to convey him the truth with proofs and also to make it clear to general Muslims who may get trapped by such claims due to misinterpretations of the hadiths. Alhamdulillah, with Allah’s help and then with the help and guidance from few learned brothers, I could refute his claims.

The hadith that brother quoted is an authentic hadith Saheeh al-Bukharee (Eng. Trans.) vol.2, Hadith no. 456 . ‘When (Allah’s) slave is put in his grave and his companions return and he hears their footsteps, two Angels come to him and make him sit…”

We also have the following verses from the Quran which clearly states the general principle that the dead cannot hear.

Soorah Faatir (35): 22, where Allah says: “The living (believer) and the dead (disbelievers) are not alike. Allah makes whoever He wishes hear, but you cannot make those in the graves, hear.” 

“You cannot make the dead hear.” Soorah Room (30): 52

Now, a lay man may assume that that the authentic hadith is contradicting the Quran. But never an authentic hadith will contradict the Quran. Then, how will one understand and reconcile both verses from Quran and the hadith. In order to do so, we need to understand them in the way how the companions of the prophet sallahu wa alayhi wa sallam (May Allah be pleased with them) understood it.

The above hadith no. 456 is brought forth to prove hearing for the dead, but this hadith only refers to a temporary condition at the time of burial and it only mentions the hearing of footsteps and not more than that. The issues like a dead hearing footsteps of a leaving person, the person being made to sit in his grave or being questioned is in the matters of unseen, so it is not allowed for anyone to make Qiyaas comparing the life of the seen and the life of the unseen.
Similarly there is hadith reported in Saheeh al-Bukharee when, “On the day of Badr, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) ordered that the corpses of twenty-four leaders of Quraysh should be thrown into one of the dirty dry wells of Badr…” He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) halted at the edge of the well, and addressed the corpses of the Quraysh infidels by their names and their fathers’ names: “O so-and-so, son of so-and-so and O so-and-so, son of so-and-so! Would it have pleased you if you had obeyed Allah and His Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)? We have found true what our Lord promised us. Have you too found true what your Lord promised you?” Umar (radhi allahu anhu) said: “O Messenger of Allah! You are speaking to bodies that have no souls!” Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “By Him in Whose Hand is Muhammad’s ((sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)) soul, you do not hear, what I say better than they do.” Saheeh al-Bukharee (Eng. Trans.) vol.5, Hadith no. 314 
This Hadith 314 refers to an exceptional case to the general ruling that the dead cant hear or that we cannot make them hear. It refers to the incident when the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) killed the Kuffar (disbelievers) in the battle of Badr and ordered for them to be thrown in the well, whereby to humiliate them. This was a miracle given to the Prophet(sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) as Allah brought them back to life momentarily so that they hear the words of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) and feel remorse. The hadith itself says ” Al-aan” meaning in arabic “and now they hear”…… clearly indicates that before this they were dead and had no power to hear until the Prophet of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) addressed those in the well of badr.

Qatada said while commenting on this Hadith, “Allah brought them to life (again) to let them hear him, to reprimand them and slight them and take revenge over them and caused them to feel remorseful and regretful.”

Umar Ibn Khattab (radhi allahu anhu) believed that the dead do not hear, and therefore he questioned: “O Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)! You are speaking to bodies that have no souls!” Similarly, Aa’ishah (radhi allahu anha) too believed that the dead do not hear, and therefore when this incident was mentioned to her, she said: “But the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Now they know very well that what I used to tell them was the truth.” Then she recited (the Qur’aanic Verse): “You cannot make the dead hear… (till the end of Verse.30:52)” Saheeh al-Bukharee (Eng. trans.) vol. 5, no.317.

Moreover, we cannot find a single authentic hadith about Aishah May Allah be pleased with her, in whose house was prophet sallahu wa alayhi wa sallam buried that she talked to him after his death. If he could hear her, why wouldn’t she talk to him. This is sufficient to prove that in general dead persons cannot hear.The above all shows the firm belief of the Sahabah (May Allah be pleased with them) that in general the dead cannot hear.

Even if some one claims for the sake of argument that all dead can hear, we still should’nt make dua to the dead or call on them.  Seeking from dead or supplicating to dead is an act of shirk so forbidden in our Shariah.
وَأَنَّ ٱلۡمَسَـٰجِدَ لِلَّهِ فَلَا تَدۡعُواْ مَعَ ٱللَّهِ أَحَدً۬ا
Verily, the mosques are for Allah (Alone), so do not pray to anyone along with Allah. [Jinn:18]
وَمَنۡ أَضَلُّ مِمَّن يَدۡعُواْ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ مَن لَّا يَسۡتَجِيبُ لَهُ ۥۤ إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ ٱلۡقِيَـٰمَةِ وَهُمۡ عَن دُعَآٮِٕهِمۡ غَـٰفِلُونَ
“And who is further astray than those who, instead of Allah, pray unto such as hear not their prayer until the Day of Resurrection, and are unconscious of their prayer,” [46:5]
According to a report narrated by al-Tirmidhi, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “  Du’aa’ is worship”. (Also refer Abu Dawud, book no. 2, Hadith 1474)

A Muslim shouldn’t even call Prophet Muhammad Sallahu wa alayhi wa sallam, then what about others??we refute saying that whether prophet Muhammad sallallahu wa alayhi wa sallam is alive or dead, a muslim shouldn’t call on him as it’s a clear cut shirk.

Its clear from Quran where Allah commanded the prophet Muhammed sallahu wa alayhi wa sallam to say to his followers: “I have no power to bring good or avert harm even regarding myself, except as Allah wills. If I had knowledge of the unseen, I would surely have accumulated only good and no evil would have befallen me. But I am only a warner and a bringer of glad tidings for those who believe.” (Quran 7:188)

The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was neither able to provide himself whatever he wished nor to the people whatever they wished when he was alive, so how about after his death?

Our beloved prophet Muhammad Sallahu wa alayhi wa sallam has warned us about grave worship. He (sallahu wa alayhi wa sallam) said ” If a righteous man dies among those people, they build over his grave a place of worship and paint in it those types of pictures. They are the most evil of creation in Allah’s sight” (Agreed upon) (refer Bukhari (arabic-english), vol. 1, p 251, hadith no. 419 and vol 2, p.238, hadith no. 426 and Muslim (engl translation) vol.1, p 268, hadith no. 1076.)

Jundub Ibn Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that five days before the Prophet’s death he heard him say, ” Those before you took the graves of their prophets as places of worship. Do not take graves as places of worship for verily I forbid you to do so.” Muslim (Eng. trans), vol 1, p 269, hadith no. 1083.

Prophet Muhammad sallahu wa alayhi wa sallam said ” May Allah curse a people who take their Prophets’ graves as masjids.” Bukhari (Arabic – English) Vol 1, p. 255, hadith no. 427 and vol 2, p 232, hadith no. 414

Allah , The Lord of entire creations revealed in the Quran  “And your Lord said: “Invoke Me [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism) and ask Me for anything] I will respond to your (invocation)” (Ghaafir 40:60)

Conclusion: Supplicate to Allah alone and whoever associates partners with Him in worship has indeed committed Shirk. “And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor)” (al-Baqarah 2:186) 

Sources:  1) The JAMAAT TABLEEGH and the Deobandis A critical Analysis of their Beliefs, Books and Dawah by Sajid Kayum, 2) http://www.islam-qa., 3) Course text in Aqeedah – Shk Abdur Rahman Dimishqiah 4) The Fundamentals of Tawheed – Dr. Bilal Philips

Recommended to read:

1. The mysteries of the soul by Abu bilal mustafah kennedy ( May Allah have mercy on him).

2. The Life of Barzakh by sheikh Jibaly (May Allah preserve him).